Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Global Pollution Essays Global Pollution Paper Global Pollution Paper Pass). Noise Pollution noise is usually associated with construction work although modern preventive measures may substantially reduce the amount of noise (in the neighboring community). Noise may adversely affect your health including effects such as: stress, sleep disturbance, high blood pressure and even hearing loss. Construction pollution involves the following main types of construction work: 1. Building construction pollution represents the generation of construction contamination at sites where buildings are constructed which may involve also a demolition phase (if the construction site has an existing building 2. Road construction pollution represents the generation Of construction contamination at sites where roads are built Construction Pollution Prevention and Cost Recovery * Personal damage. From the perspective of the public, the best prevention is to spend as little time as possible outside (e. G. , in your yard or balcony) close to a construction site during operation time. Additionally, having a rich vegetation around your home (and between the home and the construction site) will act as a natural filter for the generated pollution, reducing the amount of pollution you may corner in contact with. So, planting in your yards or even pot plants in a balcony can help. The greener the better. Also, regular spraying of water around the home will reduce the amount of dust and exposure through inhalation, although the soil and water pollution may increase (but these are less directly affecting you than air! ). However, if you believe you are already negatively impacted by a construction site in the vicinity, especially if you have been recently diagnosed with a medical condition involving the respiratory system, you may be entitled to compensation. Evaluate your pollution case for free. * Property damage. From the perspective of the construction site owner / developer, you may be faced with building on polluted land (pollution could be discovered during construction excavation work). To prevent such situation, you should order a full land quality survey (environmental site assessment phase 1 and 2) before starting any construction work. However if this is not possible and you are faced on building on a polluted land, you may be able to recover remediation costs from the original polluters. In this situation, specialized forensic investigations and legal advice (using top specialized Legal Firms) are commended. For further details and obtaining a free evaluation please contact environmental pollution centers. Elution prevention and environmental management The risk of adverse environmental impacts can be significant during construction. For large scale developments, we would expect all potential pollution risks and all aspects of site work, which may impact on the environment, to be systematically identified, as well as preventative measures and mitigation. For small scale developments, please refer to our Standing advice for small scale local development (1 ask). Any information supporting planning application should include a dedicated pollution prevention section, as well as any additional information that may be necessary. This information should incorporate the principles of all proposed pollution prevention and mitigation measures for all construction elements potentially capable of giving rise to pollution during all phases of construction, reinstatement after construction and final site decommissioning. This approach provides a useful link between the principles of development that will need to be outlined at the early stages of the project and the method tenements which are usually produced following award Of Contract (just before development commences). The pollution prevention section should set out the principles of all proposed pollution prevention and mitigation measures on the following issues, where relevant, to the proposed site: * Monitoring proposals, contingency measures and emergency plans, including an environmental checklist to monitor and plan the timing of works to avoid construction of roads, dewatering of pits and other potentially polluting activities during periods of high rainfall. This should cover: 1. Daily visual inspections and the recording of required environmental actions (egg in relation to silt management); 2. Rapports for planning activities in relation to heavy rain (up to 3 day forecast); 3. Identification of all construction elements and their location in relation to sensitive receptors, including any watersides, water supplies, and water-dependent species; * Details of how the works will be programmed to avoid any adverse impact on sensitive receptors. A timetable of works that takes into account al l environmental sensitivities, such as fish spawning, which have been raised by SEEP SON or there stakeholders should be included. Protection of development in relation to unstable land including peat landslides or landslip is not an area within our expertise or remit. This is a matter for the planning and building standards authorities and civil engineers who will determine if a peat stability assessment is required. Where an assessment is required, our main interest relates to the consequences of a peat-slide or bog burst which can result in severe environmental damage including the pollution of the surrounding area. The risk of this occurring should form part of any peat debility report and any associated pollution prevention measures should be included in planning submissions. * Surface water management plan The site specific principles of how drainage will be controlled should be detailed in the planning submission. * Particulate or chemical contamination of watersides due to, for example, track or cable crossings or dewatering of excavations. Any proposed discharges should be set out and dilution data provided. Any desalination works, excavations, ground disturbance or striping of vegetation and/or topsoil should be carried out so as to avoid pollution of the water environment. Sediment resulting from operations including stockpile storage, storage of weather sensitive materials at lay-down areas, haul routes, access roads, earthworks, drainage channels, vehicle access over watercourses, construction of watercourse crossings and digging of excavations. Permanent and temporary drainage arrangements for access tracks, turbines and substation should be based on sustainable drainage principles. Dust Management proposals for dust management including dust sprays. Excavation works, particularly through drilling and blasting, may cause nuisance to adjacent land users due to the generation of dust and Jose. Comments from local authority Environmental Health Officers should be sought on the potential nuisance to adjacent land users during the construction and decommissioning phases of the project. * Concrete production/use Environmental impacts resulting from concrete batching plant operations, use of blinding cement on roadways, wash-out during construction, poor integrity of shuttering. Discharge to watersides and pH impact on petulant (where relevant) should be avoided. * Mineral oils, fuel transport and storage Environmental impacts resulting from spillages, refueling and burst cables. Contingency plans for large oil spills that cannot be dealt with at a local level, details of designated funded fuel stores and mobile funded stores. Our preferred option is for a site compound to avoid fuel and other chemicals being stored at numerous locations around the site. Maintenance of vehicles and plant should be carried out only on impermeable areas where any oil spillages can be contained. Additional information pertaining to the storage of oil can be found below. * Road and crane hardstand Environmental impacts resulting from construction, use, and decommissioning of such infrastructure. Guidance on minimizing impact from construction of access roads can be found in Forests and Water Guidelines Fourth Edition (2003) which can be obtained from the Forestry Commission. Where tracks or hardstand will be located on peat and will carry heavy loads, evidence will be necessary of additional consideration of specific mesas rest required to deliver best practice should be included. Pollution risks and impacts on other environmental sensitivities as a result of the timing of operations. For example, construction of roads, dewatering of pits and other potentially polluting activities should be avoided during erodes of high rainfall periods of high rainfall, or at particular times of the year e. G. Fish spawning. The SEES should demonstrate which periods Of the year would be bes t practice for construction at the site to avoid pollution risks and other environmental sensitivities. Welfare arrangements Details of waste water drainage from temporary and permanent facilities for workers on site should be provided. Our preference would be for waste water and solid waste to be transported away from the site and disposed of using standard waste handling facilities during the construction period. Site restoration It is good practice for large scale developments to be subject to conditions requiring the submission of a restoration and aftercare scheme. The restoration principles should be set out within the submission. It should also outline the proposals for phased working and progressive restoration. Consideration should be given to the effect that any restoration will have on the water environment including groundwater quality and quantity and should include an assessment of the effect that any backfilling below the water table will have on groundwater flow. * Environmental accident management procedures This should include toolbox talks relating to * Site environmental management arrangements for pollution prevention. He appointment of an appropriately qualified and experienced environmental manager to supervise operations on site during the whole construction period, and with the authority to stop work and implement remedial work with immediate effect. * Site Waste Management Plan (SWAMP) which identifies all waste streams and proposals for their management, including peat, soils and other materials excavated on site and the importation of any waste materials to the site. Additional informat ion on Swaps can be found on the Sustainable Waste Management section of our website. Our Regulatory Position Statement Developments on Peat (8. Numb) and Guidance on the Assessment of Peat Volumes, Reuse of Excavated peat and Minimization of Waste (2. NUMB) may also be of help. This includes reference to guidance Developments on Petulant: Site Surveys and Best Practice (ask). SEEP policy and guidance SEEP produces a series of Pollution prevention Guidelines (Pigs) and the principles of any relevant Pigs should be incorporated into proposals. Particular attention should be paid to the Construction Pigs . Construction pigs : PIG 1 General guide to the prevention of pollution * PIG 5 Works and maintenance in or near water * PIG 6 Working at construction and demolition sites SEEP have also worked jointly with Highland Council to produce a guidance note on Construction Environmental Management Process for Large Scale Projects . SEEP SON, Scottish Renewable and FCC have also produced Good practice during windward construction (kick) which provides useful pollution prevention advice applicable to many types of projects. We also have useful guidance on the sustainable reuse of Greenfield soils in construction (2. Numb). Regulatory and best practice advice Standing advice for small scale local development (1 ask) The storage of any oil on site must be undertaken in accordance with The Water Environment (Oil Storage) (Scotland) Regulations 2006. For best practice advice please refer to PIG 7 Refueling facilities , PIG 8 Safe storage and disposal of used oils and PIG 27 Installation, decommissioning and removal of underground storage tanks . Further information on the types of storage tanks to be used and additional publications can be found within the Pollution Control section of the website. The construction industry is a major source of pollution, responsible for round 4% of particulate emissions, more water pollution incidents than any other industry, and thousands of noise complaints every year. Although construction activities also pollute the soil, the main areas of concern are: air, water and noise pollution. Air Pollution Construction activities that contribute to air pollution include: land clearing, operation of diesel engines, demolition, burning, and working with toxic materials. All construction sites generate high levels of dust (typically from concrete, cement, wood, Stone, silica) and this Can carry for large distances over a long period of time. Construction dust is classified as IMO particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameter, invisible to the naked eye. Research has shown that IMO penetrate deeply into the lungs and cause a wide range of health problems including respiratory illness, asthma, bronchitis and even cancer. Another major source of IMO on construction sites comes from the diesel engine exhausts of vehicles and heavy equipment. This is known as diesel particulate matter (DAMP) and consists of soot, sulfates and silicates, all of which readily combine with other toxins in the atmosphere, increasing the health risks of particle inhalation. Diesel is also responsible for emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide. Noxious vapors from oils, glues, thinners, paints, treated woods, plastics, cleaners and other hazardous chemicals that are widely used on construction sites, also contribute to air pollution. Water Pollution Sources of water pollution on building sites include: diesel and oil; paint, solvents, cleaners and other harmful chemicals; and construction debris and dirt. When land is cleared it causes soil erosion that leads to silt-bearing run- off and sediment pollution. Silt and soil that runs into natural waterways urns them turbid, which restricts sunlight filtration and destroys aquatic life. Related Reading * Echo Friendly Construction Methods and Materials * Water and Sustainable Design * Using Lime in Building Techniques * Cob Building * Insulation Materials Surface water run-off also carries other pollutants from the site, such as diesel and oil, toxic chemicals, and building materials like cement. When these substances get into waterways they poison water life and any animal that drinks from them. Pollutants on construction sites can also soak into the groundwater, a source of human drinking water. Once contaminated, groundwater is much more difficult to treat than surface water. Noise Construction sites produce a lot of nose, mainly from vehicles, heavy equipment and machinery, but also from people shouting and radios turned up too loud. Excessive noise is not only annoying and distracting, but can lead to hearing loss, high blood pressure, sleep disturbance and extreme stress. Research has shown that high noise levels disturb the natural cycles of animals and reduces their usable habitat. Measures to Prevent Pollution Good construction site practice can help to control and prevent pollution. The first step is to prepare environmental risk assessments for all construction activities and materials likely to cause pollution. Specific measures can then be taken to mitigate these risks: * To prevent erosion and run-off, minimize land disturbance and leave maximum vegetation cover. * Control dust through fine water sprays used to dampen down the site. * Screen the whole site to stop dust spreading, or alternatively, place fine mesh screening close to the dust source. Cover skips and trucks loaded with construction materials and continually damp down with low levels of water. * Cover piles f building materials like cement, sand and other powders, regularly inspect for spillages, and locate them where they will not be washed into waterways or drainage areas. * Use non-toxic paints, solvents and other hazardous materials wherever possible * Segregate, tightly cover and monitor toxic substances to prevent spills and possible site contamination. * Cover up and protect all drains on site . Collect any wastewater generated from site activities in settlement tanks, screen, discharge the clean water, and dispose of remaining sludge according to environmental regulations. * Use low sulfur diesel oil in all vehicle and equipment engines, and incorporate the latest specifications of particulate filters and catalytic converters. K No burning of materials on site. * Reduce noise pollution through careful handling of materials; modern, quiet power tools, equipment and generators; low impact technologies; and wall structures as sound shields. Pressure to Clean Up The UK Environment Agency and other government bodies are putting increasing pressure on construction companies to reduce pollution and conform to environmental regulations. In the past the pollution fines have been low and environmental regulations slack, and it could have been received as cheaper to pollute than to prevent pollution. This situation is now changing, and enforcement Of environmental regulations is not only very expensive but can be irreversibly damaging to the reputation of a firm. Measures to reduce and control pollution are relatively inexpensive and cost- effective, and the construction industry needs to incorporate these into an environmental management strategy. By employing these practices, the construction industry is well positioned to clean up its act. There is an urgent need to address the great challenges of our times: climate hang, resource depletion, pollution, and peak oil. These issues are all accelerating rapidly, and all have strong links with the building industry. There is a growing consensus from scientists and the oil industry that we are going to reach peak oil in the next twenty years, and that we might have reached this point already. Global demand is soaring, whilst global production is declining, and oil is set to become increasingly expensive and scarce. The building industry is hugely dependent on cheap oil, from the manufacture and transportation of its materials, to the machinery and tools used in emulation and construction. In the ASK, it uses vast quantities of fossil fuels, accounting for over half Of total carbon emissions that lead to climate change. The built environment is also responsible for significant amounts of air, soil and water pollution, and millions of tones of landfill waste. This is a situation that clearly needs to change. Reducing Energy Consumption With the inevitability of declining fossil fuels, and the threat of global climate change, reducing our energy consumption is an essential survival strategy. Choosing to build green saves energy. The low embodied energy of green rodents ensures that very little energy went into their manufacture and production, with a direct reduction in carbon emissions. Echo friendly design methodology can further reduce energy consumption by minimizing energy inputs for heating, cooling and light, and incorporating energy efficient appliances. Saving energy for the occupant also saves money an issue that will become increasingly important as the cost of fossil fuels Inevitably rises in the near future. Related Reading * What is Echo Friendly Construction? * New Developments: Environmentally Friendly Concrete Building Healthier Homes Echo-friendly construction can not only help to create a better outdoor environment, it can also help to build a healthier indoor environment. Conventional building materials and methods have been linked to a wide range of health problems. Chemical pollutants from paints, solvents, plastics and composite timbers, along with biological pollutants such as dust mites and moulds are known to cause Symptoms such as asthma, headaches, depression, eczema, palpitations and chronic fatigue syndrome. Green buildings eliminate these problems through good ventilation design, breathable walls, and the use of natural, non-toxic products and materials. There are many good reasons why we should use echo-friendly construction methods and materials, It can improve the health of our planet, and the health of our own lives. It also supports local business and helps strengthen the local economy, which in turn helps to build our communities into vibrant, prosperous and desirable places to live. A Necessary Choice Green building is not only a wise choice for our future; it is also a necessary choice. The construction industry must adopt echo-friendly practices and materials that reduce its impacts, before we reach a point of irreversible mage to our life supporting systems. The UK Government is beginning to recognize this urgency, and is committed to integrating green specifications into building regulations and codes, but the process of developing policy is slow. The industry needs to take its own initiative and find alternative ways to build, using green, renewable energy resources, and adopt non-polluting practices and materials that reduce, recycle and reuse, before it is too late. Echo-friendly, or ecological, construction is building a structure that is beneficial or non-harmful to the environment, and resource efficient. Otherwise known as green building, this type of construction is efficient in its use of local and renewable materials, and in the energy required to build it, and the energy generated while being within it. Echo-friendly construction has developed in response to the knowledge that buildings have an often negative impact upon our environment and our natural resources. This includes transporting materials hundreds or thousands of miles, which has a negative impact in the energy required to transport them, and also in emissions of hazardous chemicals from a poorly designed building that rates, and traps them. The Range of Ecologically Built Structures Many options are now available to those wishing to design and build an echo- friendly dwelling. Architects, engineers and builders worldwide are now using construction techniques that have been developed throughout human history, in response to local environmental concerns and the physical resource opportunities available, coupled with 21st century technological refinements. These range from rammed earth construction, which involves clay-based material mixed with water and then rammed into brick or solid all form, suitable in hot and dry climates, to straw bale houses, literally using bales of straw as the core structure. Straw is a great insulator, is a breathable material that filters the air passing through it, and contrary to expectation, is fire-resistant when compressed. And it is low cost. See our page www. Sustainability. Co. K/astrolabe for instructions on how to build. Other options are so-called earth ships, which use recycled car tires filled with earth as the buildings walls, or Yurts or Gears, the semi-permanent nomadic tents of Inner Asia, that utilities local wood, wool and canvas, to literally live on, with the and. These examples can be seen as development that has a low impact upon the environment, which utilities and blend in with the local environment, and could be dismantled and moved easily. Related Reading Stone vs. Brick * Career s and Courses for Echo Build * using Lime in Building Techniques Features of Ecological Building and Some Techniques In more conventional building construction, it is how technology and building materials merge and create ecological resources that are the key to green success, as well as using simple and readily available materials. For example, sing pulped recycled paper for roof insulation is a simple but highly effective ecological resource. The damage to human health from asbestos insulation, laid out in rolls in thousands of UK homes, is now well known. Asbestos also takes hundreds Of years to decompose in landfill. Other features Of an ecological building might include : * The varied use of solar panels for domestic hot water heating, * Water conservation, possibly including biological waste water treatment and re-use, and the simple collection and recycling of rainwater for garden use, Low energy lightships, which can last up to 100 times longer than regular bulbs, Cellulose insulation (like the paper in the above example), * Non-toxic or lead-free paints and wood preservatives, * Locally-grown and harvested timber from sustainable managed forests. Where to Find Examples of Ecological Building Local Councils and Housing Associations in the UK are now exploring the benefits of ecological construction, and estates constructed on these principles have been built in Edinburgh, in the Camaraderies village of March, and several in London. An interesting project in the capital is Bedded, in the borough of Sutton, which utilities solar heating and heat given off by he occupants, combined with a small power plant using wood off-cuts, to heat and power each house, and achieves zero carbon emissions. The estate was planned to be built with materials that were sourced from within 35 miles. This development consists of 82 housing units, owned and managed by the Peabody Trust. It is a great example of a sustainable development building estate, combined with the principles of social housing.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
How to Send SAT Subject Test Scores 7-Step Guide SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips While you are studying diligently for all of your SAT Subject tests, you probably arenÃ¢â¬â¢t thinking too hard about how and when you are going to send out all those scores to your dream schools. I get it- taking the test is the hard part, and you want to focus your energy on that. To help you out, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll lay out everything you need to consider in terms of score-sending logistics and strategy: how to send SAT Subject test scores (with or without Score Choice), sending the four free reports you get with registration, special ordering circumstances, and how to cancel scores. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all in here! How to SendSAT Subject Test Scores, Step by Step I've createda step-by-step guide to sending SAT Subject test scores. I'll walk you through the complete process here, assuming you've already taken the tests. Then below I'llexplain how the process differs if you're trying to send your four free reports. Step 1:Log in to Your College Board Account Once you're logged into your account, scroll down to where your scores are displayed. To send scores, click the Ã¢â¬Å"Send Available Scores NowÃ¢â¬ button. Step 2: Confirm That You Want to Send Scores You will be greeted by this pop-up: Confirm that you want to send the additional reports, and you will be taken to the school choice page. Step 3: Select YourRecipients You can search by school name, city, or code. To add a school, click on it in the Ã¢â¬Å"All Available RecipientsÃ¢â¬ search results list, then click Ã¢â¬Å"Add.Ã¢â¬ Then click Ã¢â¬Å"ContinueÃ¢â¬ to finalize your selection. Step 4: Confirm Your Schools This will take you to the Ã¢â¬Å"Build Your Score RecipientsÃ¢â¬ screen. From here, you can request additional free reports with a fee waiver, add more schools to your list of recipients, or use Score Choice to select the scores you want to send (or not send) in your score reports. To add more schools,click Ã¢â¬Å"Add Score RecipientsÃ¢â¬ from the "Build your Score Recipients" screen. Step 5: Use a Fee Waiver If you have a fee waiver, click Ã¢â¬Å"I have a Fee WaiverÃ¢â¬ (in parentheses next to the number of free reports remaining, which might be 0). When you enter your waiver code, this will give you four additional free reports that you can sendat any time. Step 6: Score Choice To use Score Choice, click the Ã¢â¬Å"Choose ScoresÃ¢â¬ button in the row with the desired recipient from the"Build your Score Recipients" screen. This will take you to the Score Choice page. You will have to agree to a disclaimer that Score Choice is allowed at the given school. Then, you will be able to uncheck any scores you do not want to include with your free score report. You have to include complete SAT I scores- you canÃ¢â¬â¢t pick and choose between sections. But you can select subject tests individually. As you can see, IÃ¢â¬â¢m an ancient crone who took SAT subject tests in 2008, and who did not study particularly hard for the French exam (sorry, Monsieur K!!) When your desired options are selected, hit Ã¢â¬Å"continue.Ã¢â¬ This will take you back to the Ã¢â¬Å"Build Your Score RecipientsÃ¢â¬ page, where you can change score selections for other schools if you wish. Step 7: Review Your Order When everything on the Ã¢â¬Å"Build Your Score RecipientsÃ¢â¬ page looks good, hit Ã¢â¬Å"continueÃ¢â¬ to proceed with the score-sending process.This will take you to the Ã¢â¬Å"Review Order,Ã¢â¬ page. Beyond thefour free reports that you get when you register for the exam, score reports costs $.25 per recipient. So four schools = four reports = $.25 x 4 = $45. Check the box to agree to the terms and conditions, and place your order! Then you will be able to return to the Main Ã¢â¬Å"My SATÃ¢â¬ page. That's how you do it! Next, we'll touch on what's different when you send the four free reports you get with your registration. Free SAT Subject Test Score Reports The College Board kindly allows you to send four free score reports to schools with every test date, including SAT subject tests. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a catch, though- you have to send the scores sight unseen. This means you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t see your scores for those subject tests before schools do. The College Board says that they do this to expedite the score-sending process. If you still have any of your four free score reports available to you, you will see this handy message on the main screen when you log in: To proceed from here, click Ã¢â¬Å"Send Scores When Available.Ã¢â¬ If you have past SAT test dates (Regular SAT or Subject Tests) you will see this handy pop-up: ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right! You can send past scores with your free score reports. Even better, you can use Score Choice! So you can pick and choose which old scores to send to schools with your new ones. This is great if you already took the SAT and met your target score. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to note that when you use your four free reports, you have to send all the scores from that date. This means that if you take multiple subject tests on the same day- and you probably will- you have to send all of those scores to your four free colleges. So you canÃ¢â¬â¢t send Literature to UCLA and Math 2 to University of Michigan; you have to send both to both. It is generally worthwhile to use your free reports if you can, because sending additional reports costs money. It might stress you out a little that you have to commit to sending your scores from that test date before you see them, but you can change or cancel what schools receive for your free reports up to nine days after you take the test. So if you feel confident that your scores will meet your targets, this is a reasonably safe bet.If you come out of the test feeling like it may not have gone well, you can always cancelsending those scores to your reach school. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s worth noting that for any school that does not allow Score Choice, you might as well send them your free report, because you will have to send all scores when you apply anyway. These schools understand that everyone has less than stellar test dates, so donÃ¢â¬â¢t ruminate on it too much if you think you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do your best on one of your subject tests from a given date. What about timing? If youÃ¢â¬â¢re taking subject tests as a junior, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not too early to send your scores if you would like to. Colleges will take it as a sign of interest to receive scores from you, and you can certainly re-take the subject tests if you need to. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t re-take the tests, you might save a little money on the expensive application process if some of your schools already have your scores. Reach for the stars! Special Circumstances: Archived Scores and Rush Reporting There are couple circumstances in which you might have to pay some extra money to the College Board, our benevolent standardized testing dictators, to send SAT Subject test scores. You will have to pay extra if your scores have been Ã¢â¬Å"archived.Ã¢â¬ Scores are archived if you have graduated high school and your scores are a year or more older. In this case the College Board will charge you a fee of $31 to retrieve them, and then $.25 for each additional recipient. So if you want to send old scores to two schools, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s $31 + $.25 = $42.25. If your scores are five years old or older, they will also send a note to the recipient saying that the scores may not be the best representation of your abilities. So sadly if I wanted to send my 2008 subject test scores I would have to pay an extra fee and have a special note sent with my scores. You will also have to pay extra if you want to rush-report your scores to recipients. You might do this if you are about to miss a deadline and you need to get scores out ASAP. Rush-reporting is supposed to get the scores to recipients within two business days of your request, which may or may not be faster than just sending them normally. The primary issue here is that some colleges only download newly received scores once every few days or once a week, so rushing the score may not actually lead to the college seeing your score any sooner.However, if you are down to the wire and at the height of desperation, you might want to rush them. Note that you can only do this for scores that have already been released, so, your unscored tests wonÃ¢â¬â¢t get to recipients any faster if you rush. It costs $31 to rush one report, and then $.25 for each additional report (so if you rush three reports to three different schools, it will cost $31 + $.25 + $.25 to send all three reports). Finally, there are times when rush reporting is not available. (Right now, in fact!) So donÃ¢â¬â¢t order rush reports if the College Board says they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t available on their website, because they will just take your money and not deliver the scores in two days. Truly outstanding and helpful customer service, that. Next we'll talk about how to cancel your scores if you feel truly alarmed by your test performance. Canceling SAT Subject Test Scores LetÃ¢â¬â¢s say you panic in the middle of the exam and donÃ¢â¬â¢t finish the test on time, or another mishap occurs- it happens to most of us at some point or another. You know you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do well on the test and you donÃ¢â¬â¢t even want to see your own scores, let alone let schools see them! You have two options: #1: Cancel Your Scores You can cancel your scores anytime up to :59 PM ET the Wednesday after you took your test(s). Note that unless you are canceling due to sudden illness or an equipment failure, this will cancel all of the tests you took that day- every subject! Importantly, it cannot be undone. When your scores are cancelled, they are gone forever! No school (or you) will ever see them, no matter if you had selected schools for your free score reports or not. #2: Cancel Your Score Reports You have up to nine days after you take the test(s) to cancel any free score reports you have on-order. You may want to do this if you think only one test went poorly. This way, you can still use the other subjects in Score Choice score reports later. Unfortunately, a tiny octopus does not wave farewell to your scores when they canceled. How To Cancel Your Scores If you decide to cancel at the test center, ask a test proctor for a Ã¢â¬Å"Request to CancelÃ¢â¬ form. Fill it out and return to the proctor before you leave the testing center. If you decide to cancel after leaving the test center, download and fill out the form to request SAT score cancellation. You need to sign it, so you will need to get it to the College Board via fax or overnight mail. You can get more details on this process on the College Board page on score cancellation. You can cancel your scores for individual tests due to equipment failure (your CD player stops working, or your calculator dies) or for a sudden illness during the exam. In this case, only the score for that test is canceled; you can still get your scores for the other tests you took that day. To do this, you will need to report the equipment failure or illness during the exam. Then you will need to fill out a Request to Cancel form at the testing center, check the Ã¢â¬Å"Single Test: equipment failureÃ¢â¬ option (yes, even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re sick) and give it to a testing supervisor. They will sign it to validate that your equipment (or your body) failed you and your score for just that test will be canceled. But hopefully none of that will happen, everything will go smoothly, and you will send out all your score reports with confidence! Summary: SAT Subject Test Scores You will get four free score reports for every SAT subject test date you sign up for. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t see the scores before they get sent to school. Otherwise, additional score reports cost $.25 per report. You can use Score Choice on SAT subject tests, just like with the regular SAT.You can also rush-report or cancel scores if you need to, but both of those options should be carefully considered! What Now? You might also be wondering what a good SAT score is, anyways. Let us fill you in with this guide to what makes a good SAT Subject Test score. Aiming for top schools? Check out our article on SAT Subject Test Scores for the Ivy League. Or maybe you just want to know what the average score for each SAT Subject Test is. If you're taking the regular SAT anytime soon, you should definitely check out our complete guide to the new SAT. This will bring you up to speed on all the ins and outs of the new format, which was rolled out in March! Need a little extra help prepping for your Subject Tests? We have the industry's leading SAT Subject Test prep programs (for all non-language Subject Tests). Built by Harvard grads and SAT Subject Test full or 99th %ile scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so that you get the most effective prep possible. Learn more about our Subject Test products below:
Friday, February 14, 2020
Problems Working in Multicultural Teams - Essay Example I think to arrive at a realistic grasping of the problems faced by me in a multicultural team I need to analyze my cultural affiliations in the light of the cultural dimensions propounded by Geert Hofstede. Cultural dimensions pertain to the aspect of my native Chinese culture that could be measured and gauged in the light of the other cultures (Hofstede, Hofstede & Minkov 2010). Professor Geert Hofstede conducted a detailed analysis regarding how the values in multicultural teams are influenced by the cultural values of the members constituting the teams. Analysing the Chinese cultural dimensions will immensely help in analyzing and tracing solutions to the problems faced by me in a group comprising of members who were Chinese, Indians and Thais. The four salient cultural dimensions propounded by Hofstede are individualism-collectivism, masculine-feminine, power distance and uncertainty avoidance (Hofstede 2003). Power Distance pertains to the attitude of the people in a society tow ards the power disparities existing in that culture (Hofstede 2002). It determines the extent to which the less powerful members in a society respond to the power inequalities present in that society (Hofstede 2002). China has Power Distance count of 80 which is quiet high (Geert Hofstede 2012). This means that Chinese people are comfortable with the unequal distribution of power in their society and are comfortable with the fact that people tend to differ in the power that they have at their disposal. In the Chinese organizations and institutions the hierarchy is arranged in terms of subordinate and superiors and there seldom are any remedies against the abuse of power resorted to by the superiors. Individualism pertains to the extent of... This essay stresses that culture is something that is learned and acquired and it consists of a set of shared interpretations that are learned, and these interpretations include within their ambit the concepts like values, norms and beliefs which have an immense influence on large groups of individuals and people. Diversity happens to be a concept that is broader than the concept of culture. Diversity is not merely confined to a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ethnic affiliations, nation of origin or colour. Diversity is primarily about attributes that inculcate differences in groups and these differences may include physical characteristics, economic status, attitudes, traits etc. This paper makes a conclusion that in case the members in the team turn out to be receptive of the recommendations and suggestions made in this paper, it will not only enhance their cultural literacy but will also enable them to reap the benefits accrued by working in multicultural teams. This will truly make them a global citizen and will allow them to work in diverse nations and cultures. The good thing is that cultural literacy and interpersonal skills are something that can be learned and acquired. So if the team members take care to adopt and practice the above mentioned recommendations and tips, they are poised to experience and appreciative gain in their cultural literacy and the ability to operate in multicultural teams.
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Analysis of an Ethical Conflict in Practice - Research Paper Example I personally believe that based on the various ethical principles, that assisted suicide must not be legalized. Measures to resist its passage into law are being proposed in this paper, along with active measures to advocate for patientÃ¢â¬â¢s lives Ã¢â¬â not their death. Physician-assisted suicide is one of the most controversial issues in health care today. It is an issue which straddles both the legal and ethical planes of health care practice; it is also an issue which is not likely to be fully resolved even with the application of legal provisions and accepted ethical principles. This paper shall discuss the ethical issues in assisted suicide. It shall identify its stakeholders, along with their claims and interests. This paper shall also describe this studentÃ¢â¬â¢s final ethical position on the resolution of the conflict. A specific moral action shall also be presented in this paper in the hope of coming up with a clear and comprehensive understanding of this subject matter. Physician-assisted suicide is defined as the Ã¢â¬Å"voluntary termination of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own life by the administration of a lethal substance with the direct or indirect assistance of a physicianÃ¢â¬ (Medicine.net, 2004). It is the practice of giving a fully competent patient medication in order to end his or her life. The state of Oregon is the only state in the US which has legalized this practice. It has allowed terminally ill residents to receive and obtain prescriptions from their physicians and later to take these medications to end their lives. Assisted suicide is a practice which is differentiated from euthanasia in the sense that, in euthanasia, the physician is the one who administers the medication in order to end the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s life. There may or may not be knowledge or consent on the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s part. In assisted suicide, the will and request to commit suicide comes from the patients, and the physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s role is to assists in the process (Medicine. net,
Friday, January 24, 2020
Of all the cuisines to choose from, I have decided upon the country of Spain from Europe and Laos from Asia. Lao cuisine is the closest to Hmong food, which is my ethnicity. The Hmong people do not have their own country to call their own, for example Lao people are from Laos and Spanish people are from Spain. Hmong people are not from Mongolia. Instead a majority of Hmong people resides in the mountains of Laos. Some live in Cambodia, Thailand, France, or the U.S. of A. Spain has influenced a large part of world cuisine. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s techniques and ingredients have been intertwined with the rest of the world for thousands of years. Spain is in the southwestern part of Europe and to the east of the Mediterranean Sea. There are a large variety of fruits and vegetables grown in Spain. Food From Spain lists peaches, cherries, ioquats, apricots, nectarines, plums, apples, pears, grapes, wheat, and olives as fruits grown in Spain. There are also many others, but these specific fruits are only from Spain. A Melocoton de Calanda is a Spanish peach found in northeastern Spain. Cerezas de la Montana de Alicante is a sweet red cherry found in the jerte Valley in Extremadura of Spain. Ioquats are sweet, slightly acidic, and have a strong leathery skin. Certain types of apricots, nectarines, and plums also come from Spain. Apples from Asturias, Castile-Leon, and Catalonia of northern Spain are Ã¢â¬Å"generally considered superior (foodfromspain).Ã¢â¬ Pears are originally from Asia Minor, but grow well in inland Spain. Grapes, wheat, and olives play a major role in Spanish cuisine as well. Grapes are used for wine and oil. Olives are in abundance and are eaten and used for oil. Olive oil serves many uses in Spanish cuisine. Typica... ...med or grilled and low in fat. Spain has a more abundance of olive oil allowing them to create heartier meals. Spanish foods uses oil to deep fry, make emulsions, and create bases such as Sofrito. Spanish food is therefore heartier, but is higher in fat than Lao cuisine. Regardless of their differences both cuisines are delectable. Lao cuisine may not have influenced a great deal of the food world as Spain has; instead it has taken slight influences from Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. These are two very different cuisines and offer a lot of different flavors and styles. The contrasting cuisines come from the different products they have available and cooking methods. Although both countries are in the eastern hemisphere, the different products are due to the region, climate, and soil type. Regardless of their differences both cuisines are delectable. Ã¢â¬Æ' Essay -- Of all the cuisines to choose from, I have decided upon the country of Spain from Europe and Laos from Asia. Lao cuisine is the closest to Hmong food, which is my ethnicity. The Hmong people do not have their own country to call their own, for example Lao people are from Laos and Spanish people are from Spain. Hmong people are not from Mongolia. Instead a majority of Hmong people resides in the mountains of Laos. Some live in Cambodia, Thailand, France, or the U.S. of A. Spain has influenced a large part of world cuisine. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s techniques and ingredients have been intertwined with the rest of the world for thousands of years. Spain is in the southwestern part of Europe and to the east of the Mediterranean Sea. There are a large variety of fruits and vegetables grown in Spain. Food From Spain lists peaches, cherries, ioquats, apricots, nectarines, plums, apples, pears, grapes, wheat, and olives as fruits grown in Spain. There are also many others, but these specific fruits are only from Spain. A Melocoton de Calanda is a Spanish peach found in northeastern Spain. Cerezas de la Montana de Alicante is a sweet red cherry found in the jerte Valley in Extremadura of Spain. Ioquats are sweet, slightly acidic, and have a strong leathery skin. Certain types of apricots, nectarines, and plums also come from Spain. Apples from Asturias, Castile-Leon, and Catalonia of northern Spain are Ã¢â¬Å"generally considered superior (foodfromspain).Ã¢â¬ Pears are originally from Asia Minor, but grow well in inland Spain. Grapes, wheat, and olives play a major role in Spanish cuisine as well. Grapes are used for wine and oil. Olives are in abundance and are eaten and used for oil. Olive oil serves many uses in Spanish cuisine. Typica... ...med or grilled and low in fat. Spain has a more abundance of olive oil allowing them to create heartier meals. Spanish foods uses oil to deep fry, make emulsions, and create bases such as Sofrito. Spanish food is therefore heartier, but is higher in fat than Lao cuisine. Regardless of their differences both cuisines are delectable. Lao cuisine may not have influenced a great deal of the food world as Spain has; instead it has taken slight influences from Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. These are two very different cuisines and offer a lot of different flavors and styles. The contrasting cuisines come from the different products they have available and cooking methods. Although both countries are in the eastern hemisphere, the different products are due to the region, climate, and soil type. Regardless of their differences both cuisines are delectable. Ã¢â¬Æ'
Thursday, January 16, 2020
THE CHARACTERISTICS AND NATURE OF ORGANISATIONS LEARNING OBJECTIVES: on completion of this topic you will have: Developed understanding of the nature and characteristics of organisations Identified generic organisational features An understanding of the different types of organisations An understanding of the role of the organisation as a Ã¢â¬Ëgoals-led, open systemÃ¢â¬â¢ An appreciation of environmental impacts on organisations Developed understanding of the process of organising Be able to distinguish between Ã¢â¬ËformalÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËinformalÃ¢â¬â¢ organisation IntroductionOrganisations, or more simply, organised activities, are a central feature of every aspect of life. Indeed, it is extremely difficult Ã¢â¬â if not impossible! Ã¢â¬â to conceive of any activity which does not involve the input of one or more organisations at some or other stage. Think for a moment Ã¢â¬â most of us, for example, were born in hospitals, live in a family or other social unit, a ttend or have attended educational institutions, and have found, or seek, employment with an organisation. Small wonder, then, that the study of organisations has attracted so much attention over the years!Every organisation differs Ã¢â¬â in terms of nature, purpose, size, goals and objectives, membership Ã¢â¬â and so on (the list is almost endless! ). However, a number of core features and characteristics of organisational life can be identified. These form the focus for the discussions within this chapter. Organisations also form the context for all management activity Ã¢â¬â in fact, it could be argued that one of the main reasons why we need managers is the fact that we engage in so much organised activity. So an understanding of the nature, type and purpose of organisations is an essential prerequisite in order to manage effectively and efficiently.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Institutional Racism in American Society quot;Racistquot; and quot;racismquot; are provocative words in American society. To some, these words have reached the level of curse words in their offensiveness. Yet, quot;racistquot; and quot;racismquot; are descriptive words of a reality that cannot be denied. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Americans (people-of-color) live daily with the effects of both institutional and individual racism. Race issues are so fundamental in American society that they seem almost an integral component. Some Americans believe that race is the primary determinant of human abilities and capacities. Some Americans behave as if racial differences produce inherentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Racism....A word that means a lot of things to many people. To some, that word is the description of a way of life, to others, it is a repulsive term that represents closed-mindedness. In my own eyes, there are no Blacks, no Asians, no Hisp anics; there is only one race, and that race is HUMAN. No matter what our color or physical features may be, it all boils down to the fact that we are all HUMAN. This is yet another concept that we must seek to fully understand before we can consider ourselves ready to attain true peace. Conclusion As you can see racial discrimination is, quite simply, the result of ignorance. Historically, people automatically assumed that their race was superior. Not bothering to learn more about the races they despised, they began to harbor grudges against them, inventing reasons why other races were Bibliography Institutional Racism in American Society quot;Racistquot; and quot;racismquot; are provocative words in American society. To some, these words have reached the level of curse words in their offensiveness. Yet, quot;racistquot; and quot;racismquot; are descriptive words of a reality that cannot be denied. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Americans (people-of-color) live daily with the effects of both institutional and individual racism. Race issues are so fundamental in American society that they seem almost an integral component. Some Americans believeShow MoreRelatedRacism : Racism And Racism1544 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTo understand whether or not racism is learnt, we first have to divulge into the nature of racism. It is usually assumed that racism has been a part of civilisation since civilisation started, that it is embedded into how people work and that no matter what, it will always exist. 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It is the enemy of freedom, and it deserves to be met head-on and stamped out.Ã¢â¬ - Pierre Berton Racism is the unjust hate for any people who are simply different for a various array of reasons. It is all around us and always will be, but that does not give us the right to be passive on the subject. This discrimination against culturally diverse people is hurting our Ã¢â¬Å" land of the freeÃ¢â¬ , one racist remark at a time.Read MoreRacism : Racism And Racism1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis issue of racism is popular by name but tends to be sugar coated by the way people see it. In order to truly understand racism you need to take a bite into the topic in order to get a taste of what it is really like. Racism comes in many different forms and can be seen many different ways. But why even care about racism at all? Why does it even matter? One would think that with such a harsh background regarding racism in America it would no longer exist in society today. But sadly that is notRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRacism in America Racism discrimination has been one of our societyÃ¢â¬â¢s most horrible social problems. In the words of the famous Martin Luther King judging an individual by the color of their skin rather than the content of their character can be a very dehumanizing experience that can have lasting effects on an individual life. Racism in America has not come to a cease. Racism promotes negative personal relations between people of different cultures. I believe slavery started around the 1500sRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCovert Racism Introduction Racism; Ã¢â¬Ëthe belief that races have distinctive cultural characteristics determined by hereditary factors and that this endows some races with an intrinsic superiority over othersÃ¢â¬â¢ (Collins English Dictionary 2012) and thus leading to Ã¢â¬Ëabusive or aggressive behaviour towards members of another race on the basis of such a beliefÃ¢â¬â¢ (Collins English Dictionary 2012). Over time, racism has transformed from a blatant and overt form into a passive style of prejudice and discriminationRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRacism has been an issue that has caused controversial debates for years. It is a topic that stirs up lots of emotions within people and continues to be an argument for all. When there has been a shooting between a white and a colored or a cop and a colored person, people blame it on racism. They state that since the white cop shot the black man it simply means the cop was racist. Then the people want to speak that justice needs to be served and the cop needs to be put in prison or released fromRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism1751 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRacism Social Justice Topic Issue Corbin Metz H R Ã¢â¬â 3013 University of Oklahoma Racism Social Justice Topic Issue Today in our society, racism is a very popular social justice topic issue, which affects many of the lives of those around us on a daily basis. Individuals as well as organizations and institutions widely commit the act of racism and these issues are embedded in their policies, procedures, and practices (Calgary). The first signs of racism beginning to arise in the worldRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism1971 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRacism has come to be a very important topic in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Many are talking about the injustices when it comes mostly when it comes to African-Americans and Caucasians in authority. Many have deemed the incidents of Trayvon Martin, Freddie Gray, Sandra Bland, Walter Scott, Akai Gurley, Tamir Rice, the Spring Valley High School video, and even the Charleston Shooting to name a few as reactions to racism. Out of the people talking about these events, only a few really know the meaning of racismRead MoreRacism : Racism And Racism2243 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesRacism, a topic which has become especially touchy in modern times. It is quite clear that racism is alive not only in the United States, but across the globe. Though the topic is widely talked about, nobody really does anything to stop it. People will be quick to elaborate on the fact that it should be stopped, then make no changes themselves. Yet do they truly understand the concepts of racism and what it really means to be racist? Granted everybody understands that it is racist to hate a group